When the plant becomes too waterlogged, the roots are unable to properly absorb nutrients that would otherwise be carried to all parts of the plant. In some cases, you can get away with potting your plants into containers without a drainage hole by putting a layer of gravel in the bottom, but this is not recommended with ZZ Plants. While researching this article, I have come across a few posts about brown spots appearing randomly along the stems of the ZZ Plant. You'll probably have to get it off the internet cuz I've never seen it in stores. Thanks for your replies. Remove the affected plants from the soil, and gently wash the roots under running water. As your ZZ Plant grows, you may wonder when to repot it. When it comes to ailments and disease, we tend to jump to conclusions we discovered during a deep dive into WebMD before we ever take a moment to breathe and rationalize. Save some of your mix to fill in any divots that form after you have watered from the top a few times, caused by the mix sifting down into pockets around the roots. First, you might just be giving your plant too much water or are watering too frequently. Instead, make it a habit to check the soil moisture level before giving your ZZ Plant any water. Can ZZ Plants Purify the Air in Your Home and Office? I also outline the potential reasons why the issue is happening and provide steps you can take to best solve the problem. )Then, run water over ZZ plants & roots..rid as much soil as possible..The zz should be fine left outside of soil (a few hours)BTW, there are products sold to rid fungus gnats, but since I don't use chemicals, I can't name any..Perhaps someone here has an answer.Also, I can't remember who posted, but a few ppl mentioned using non-insecticidals to rid gnats..If anyone has an answer, could you please step forward, lol, to help Amalo..Thanks,BTW, Amalo, if this works, in the future be careful watering plant..Like Growhappy stated, this plant thrives on neglect..Toni. But using the information in this article and paying attention to the conditions the plant is living in should help you dial in on the likely cause so that you can make some changes. Kind of…. That might make the situation worse. Look for signs of yellowing and any droopy stems, as these will help you confirm if you have an overwatering issue. Above all other causes, overwatering is, by far, the most typical reason for an unhealthy ZZ Plant. Remove the plant from the pot, wash away any excess soil, and clip out any brown, mushy roots, leaving the healthy white ones intact. You can propagate ZZ plants through division or with leaf cuttings.. To propagate by division, wait until you need to re-pot your ZZ plant.Once you’ve removed the plant from its pot, simply split the rhizome root system into two portions, and plant each in its own container. It’s definitely not a fast process and the majority of the stems aren’t showing roots after 7 months. 2 While it may seem like excessive water is the cause of root rot, the problem starts because too much water provides the perfect environment for the real cause: fungus. In this section, I wanted to drill down into the possible reasons someone might be asking, “Why is my ZZ Plant…?” I’ve tried to cover the questions I hear most often and provide the most likely reasons your ZZ is exhibiting signs of stress. OVERWATERING: Fixing a rot issue caused by overwatering depends on which part of the plant is affected. Proper watering is essential to the health of your stem cuttings. While definitely something that needs to be addressed quickly, your ZZ is tough and can fully recover from a rot issue. Water your ZZ thoroughly, ensuring the soil gets evenly wet and proper drainage is occurring. Or should I leave it since they are in same color family?At this very moment my entire driveway is being hammered down to be paved and the landscaper was telling me to weigh in on the flower selection after they are done-- not sure why. Place the cut stem in water, and change out the water every 3-4 weeks. The results of propagating a ZZ Plant by rooting stem cuttings in water: The stems you see in the green vase are 28″ long, give or take a bit. Lovers of the plant also associate it … If it’s a minor case, leave the affected leaves on the plant. But since these plants can grow so large, it’s common for ZZ owners to ask if they can be divided, creating two or more moderately-sized plants. Is it just me, or are there more fungas gnats around, seems like since it got warmer, I have more of them, they are driving me crazy too. Many garden webers disagree with my approach and think bleach is too harsh, but I don't think it's any harsher than miticides, and it works better. You risk transferring them to your new plant and starting the rot cycle all over again. My favorite product is Gnatrol----it is a naturally occuring bacteria that is only harmful to the gnats. Sometimes this makes it difficult to accurately diagnose the issue. That’s because the rhizomes of Zamioculcas zamiifolia can rot if exposed to too much water. :). Or you might accidentally knock off a stem or leaf and want to save it and propagate a new plant. The Healthy Houseplant is reader-supported. It’s ok if you also have to remove a chunk of the rhizome. When you think of plant roots, you probably think of lots of tiny strands, digging into the dirt. The nursery is owned by a couple and today I talked with the woman, Nancy. Generally, I use Pro-Mix and add perlite to it. The fungi Rhizoctonia and Fusarium, and the oomycetes Pythium, a parasitic plant pathogen, live in the soil from where they attack the plant, often in the seedling stage. You might be watering responsibly, but if your soil is too dense and holds too much water, or if your container doesn’t have a drainage hole, the plant can still be affected by overwatering. Remove the plant from the soil and feel the roots. If you collect your own you might want to swish it with water in a pail or dishpan, let it settle, and pour off the clear-ish water from the top, repeat until truly clear. It can live in all light levels, barely needs any water, and grows pretty quickly so you can enjoy seeing its new leaves unfold! While it’s common for parts of the plant to turn yellow for different reasons, this section specifically addresses issues that cause most of the leaves and stems to turn yellow. This plant needs to dry out completely before watering it again. If the roots get damaged, they can no longer function properly, and water and nutrient absorption are diminished. ZZ owners rejoice! A Zamioculcas plant will grow and lean towards light sources, so rotate the pot every … It’s terrible to lose a ZZ stem, but you’ll save the plant from further damage and can propagate the healthy tip of the stem you cut out if you’d like. UNDERWATERING: Although much less common, ZZ Plants can start turning yellow due to underwatering. Looking at some of the leaves of your plant, some are looking yellow, so it may indicate it is getting overwatered. Not only is it the main cause of most discoloration issues in ZZs, but it is the fastest way to kill the otherwise “un-killable” ZZ Plant. Here’s how to propagate a ZZ Plant cutting: Cut off a stalk at the base of your plant, making a straight cut with a sanitized knife. I have had a stem cutting of my ZZ raven in water, which has been rooting for…almost a year. It is important to remember that ZZ Plants are tough and great at surviving harsh conditions, so when you discover an issue with them, there’s a really good chance you can bring your plant back to health with just a few small changes to its care. Repot your ZZ plant when you see signs that it’s root-bound, such as browning leaves, roots growing out of the drainage hole in the bottom of the pot, and soil that drains and dries out very quickly (a sign that the plant is too root-bound for water to penetrate). Gnatrol is my friend---fart smells and all! ZZ plant watering instructions: Water your ZZ plant once the potting soil is almost completely dry and … ;). 12.3k. Once you know you’ve met your ZZ Plant’s light requirements, consider pruning any weak, leggy growth from the plant. Have you checked soil moisture all the way to the bottom of the pot? Sometimes I use pro-mix with Orchid mix and perlite added or just orchid mix with perlite added, depending upon the plants. on over a pound of liquid. ZZ plants are fairly drought tolerant and as with any plant, one should never go by someone saying that a plant needs to be watered once a week, once every two to three weeks, or once a month. Rootbound – the pot is too … Diagnosing the cause of your plant’s condition is the first step in getting your ZZ on the road to recovery. Those leaves … This can occur in two separate ways that I collectively refer to as “overwatering.”. So don't leave it too long submerged, and if you put it in a dish, check back and dump any significant water so it's not sitting with "wet feet". Then, I’ll provide you with steps you can take to keep your plant healthy and happy. If rot has set in then the affected parts of the plant are about to collapse into a mushy mess. Like I mentioned above, ZZ Plants prefer indirect light. ZZ Plants (Zamioculcas zamiifolia) are widely popular houseplants that are easy to grow, reaching heights of over three feet tall with proper care. … My ZZ plant really suffers from gnats too because there is a lot of dirt available around the stems. However, there are times when you might notice that your plant is drooping, causing the plant to look sick and weak. London's top rated indoor plant delivery service. Re-pot ZZ plants every spring. You risk transferring them to your new plant and starting the rot cycle all over again. In order to treat plants affected by root rot, swift action must be taken to save your crops. My ZZ plant is pretty large (3.5 feet tall from top of soil to tip), and it has a big root system. At 3-3-3, it is dilute enough you can follow the instructions and ignore what I said about half-strength or less. What measures can I take? Cut out any mushy, brown, or black roots, keeping only the healthy white ones. I removed two stems which had yellow leaves (the leaves just fell off as soon as i ouched them). I dont think these people are still active. It will still retain moisture but will prevent the plant from being waterlogged. Be sure to water when the soil is dry enough, but avoid going long stretches of time without paying attention to the plant. If you forget, it’s fine, as long as there’s no mold growing. Sometimes, this is a regular occurrence due to the age of the leaf. Then I realized that the soil was keeping it moist in the middle. I might just redo my entire front yard because the stuff I have on the side-- some big shrubs with yellow flowers and peach roses are not going to match? This is an extreme action that can stress the plant even more, so it should only be taken if proper drainage in the current container cannot be achieved. If there are gnats or eggs, you will find them on new plant, too.Don't overpot..Place in a well-vented spot w/fresh air. You can cut above the rot until the flesh is firm, clean your cutting tool with rubbing alcohol and make one final cut. Can I leave the plant a few days outside in the sun? http://www.gtghydroponics.com/store/0-0-476.htm, I see they say to use 6 applications of it, but I just use it at a slightly higher concentration and it works in about 2 apps for me. If your ZZ plant has yellow leaves, the cause could be one of a number of potential reasons. While not ideal to overwater, in this case, you want to make sure you don’t cause further damage to the plant from fertilizer. Then, wait for your plant to absorb the water and straighten back up. Size Small: 50cm — £12. Fungal issues can arise when soil fluctuates between really dry and really wet, and you don’t want to shock your plant by going from a drought situation to overly-wet conditions. I will also try to visit my local nursery today to look up all these plant lists you guys have given me so I can touch and feel in person. Regardless, this is an instance where brown spots on your ZZ Plant aren’t indicating a problem, so don’t worry! Easy to get and hard to eradicate, blight can quickly ruin one plant or a whole garden full. As a plant geek I found this enormously fascinating and took lots of photos… Rhizome stem tuber of Zamioculcas zamiifolia Dividing. Stopped by the nursery today -- bought a bag of their Top Pot mix and asked what I could tell someone who didn't live nearby, to do. ZZ Plants hail from Eastern Africa, a land known for long periods of drought in between infrequent rainstorms. You might be noticing parts of your ZZ Plant are turning brown. However, for it to thrive and grow, put it in a very well-lit place while avoiding direct sunlight. share. ROOT DAMAGE: Alternatively, the same brown stems can be indicative of a root issue. It is not a disease caused by the soil. This large, rounded structure helps the plant store … UNDERWATERING: If you find that your ZZ’s leaves are curling, especially downward, this could be a sign that it needs more water. Make sure that the cutting is at least two inches long with some healthy leaves near the top. OVERFEEDING: The first step that needs to be taken is to flush your ZZ Plant of any excess fertilizer in the soil to prevent further scalding. It’s unlikely that your plant is suffering from a lack of nutrition or underwatering during dormancy, so knowing when your plant is dormant is helpful in eliminating potential causes of issues. https://www.houzz.com/discussions/plumeria-forum-dsbr0-bd~t_29994, Provide flowers and nesting sites in your garden for this beautiful, tiny, metallic blue wild bee — your plants will thank you, Houseplants add so much to our homes — and can thrive when grown in the right conditions. After doing that, submerge the pot up to just over the soil line (you'll have to hold it or weight it to keep it from turning on its side) in UNSOFTENED water, until the bubbles stop coming up. What is wrong with your ZZ Plant? Be sure that the soil your ZZ is planted in is porous, fast-draining potting soil. If you suspect a fungal infection might be present (you see gray, matted roots or the root sheath easily pulls off leaving a thin root thread), you will want to take the extra step of rinsing the roots, rhizome, and lower stems with a fungicide rinse. Because they look a bit like a succulent, sometimes we assume they need more light than they actually do, and their leaves can get sunburned as a result. Water well, flushing the soil with excess water and allowing it to drain from the bottom of the pot. UNDERWATERING: In contrast, drooping stems can also be a sign that the plant is severely underwatered. To prevent overwatering, consider watering your ZZ when the first couple inches of potting mix is dry. OVERFEEDING: Like leaf curling due to overfeeding, ZZ Plants can experience nutrition burn when they absorb too much fertilizer at one time, resulting in leaf tissue actually degrading, giving it a burned or scalded appearance. This is often a more obvious leaf drop, with multiple falling off within a short period of time. That should keep the gnats under control - until you bring home more plants which probably are hiding the little buggers somewhere in their soil! The charcoal you may have trouble getting in small enough packages to be worth it, but Nancy said it was not mandatory! If you notice your ZZ plant leaves turning brown, it is a signal that there is something wrong with your plant's conditions. My plant is always indoors though. Affected roots may literally fall off the plant … Stems cuttings alone will not work well, but if you take a cutting with two leaves and a bit of stem, the rooting and growth is quicker than just a single leaf and no stem. Money Trees and Sapping: What Is It & Why Does It Happen? The rhizome stores water until the next watering, which is why you should never overwater this plant. If you’ve noticed yellowing stems or leaves on your plant, or droopy stalks that will no longer stand up, odds are that you’ve overwatered your ZZ. I have the yellow sticky traps, they are so gawdy, and they havent been doing much for me, I use Safers, that isnt doing much either, I have been looking for gnatrol, but like someone said, its hard to find in the store, I am ready to go full blown insecticide if I cant get them under control soon.....I dont care how anthing smells, I just want them gone. However, it is more common in indoor houseplants and symptoms are often shown when it is already too late and roots started to rot. Identifying Root Rot. The ZZ plant is easy to root from a simple cutting placed in water. ZZ plants have pinnate, 15.7-23.6 inches (40-60 cm) long leaves with 6-8 pairs of 2.8 to 5.9 inches (7-15 cm) long leaflets. Thanks for any input. These nematodes are microscopic. This is why I’d like to mention that ZZ Plants, like many houseplants you bring into your home, are sensitive to changes in their environments. ICK ICK ICK! While the solution may not be apparent immediately, this article explains the different causes of brown ZZ plant leaves and what to do to fix each one. Hi Baby(jn)! Otherwise, you might have an underlying condition you should check into. Tips to Get It Growing Again, Why Do ZZ Leaves Curl? However, due to the ZZ’s rhizome, which is a large storage unit for nutrients, you typically don’t see any signs of malnutrition until the plant has used its reserves and been without for some time. However, yellowing leaves can also be a sign of underwatering, and more rarely can be due to extremes of temperature, light or fertilizing issues. Because the plant is trying to secure resources in the form of sunlight, it puts out fast, but sparse, growth to increase its range rather than focusing on efficient, compact growth typical of plants with ample light. When you make purchases through links on our site, we earn a small commission. It’s not slimy or mushy like other parts of the rhizome. Wow, it's late! UNDERWATERING: You may be tempted to dump an entire watering can on an underwatered ZZ Plant, but use restraint when trying to rescue it from dry soil. Keep these tips in mind, Brighten a room and clean the air with a houseplant that cascades artfully, stretches toward the ceiling or looks great on a wall. This presents a bit differently from other issues, in that the leaves experiencing nutrition burn and start to get crispy as the tips begin to curl in on themselves. Will the old and new plant survive together? A healthy ZZ should have near-flawless, uniform leaves, so if you notice some of them look scalded or burned, something is up. Your idea about placing soil in sunny area outside may work, but what happens if it rains? Sorry for asking so many stupid questions but I am a newbie at this. There are also fungal issues that can crop up due to poor root health and overwatering, which attack the roots and lead to rot that can travel to the rhizome and stem, often accompanied by the wilting of the entire plant. If you caught the problem early enough, there’s a good chance that you can address the issue and give your plants a fighting chance to bounce back. Mix well with a trowel or wooden spoon or something. ROOT DAMAGE: Alternatively, the same brown stems can be indicative of a root issue. Discolored Leaves. You can buy most of those ingredients in small to medium bags, at nurseries/garden centers/some hardware stores. Letting the soil dry out occasionally helps fend off root rot. ZZ plant leaf cuttings are the recommended method by professional growers and can result in new rhizomes in about 4 weeks when grown in nearly 80 degree Fahrenheit (26 C.) conditions. ZZ plants are very slow growers and do well with neglect.(i.e. Adjust your watering habits so the plant doesn’t get that dry again. It’s definitely not a fast process and the majority of the stems aren’t showing roots after 7 months. As soon as it is adequately hydrated, you should see the leaves bounce back. Clay is porous and allows airflow to the plant's root system which is vital to the plants health. Thanks Tonio. Hi Amalo. Why You Need to Repot ZZ Plants. This blog is all … These nematodes are microscopic. If you were lucky enough to get about equal size bags (of the four main ingredients), you could mix them all up and save as future potting mix! They can go one or even two months with no water. As I said, over time, the new stem should fill in and green right up. 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