What constitutes an empire and how to calculate the area coverage has been controversial, and according to Rein Taagepera, it is any relatively large sovereign political entity whose components are not sovereign, and the area coverage of the empire has undisputed taxation and military prerogatives. As a result, the Persian Empire, which dominated most of the Middle East, ruled over a greater percentage of the world’s population than any other empire in history… At its height, the Achaemenid Empire ruled over 44% of the world’s population, the highest figure for any empire in history. To the northern part, it extended as far as Siberia, while to the southwards and eastwards into Iranian plateau, Indochina, and the Indian subcontinent. The Mongol empire was founded by Genghis Khan in 1206. It reached the peak of its military, political and economic power under the Spanish Habsburgs, through most of the 16th and 17th centuries, and its greatest territorial extent under the House of Bourbon in the 18th century, when it was the largest empire in the world. Their leader, Genghis Khan , is revered today for his innovations in combat that allowed his armies to relatively quickly take over several adjacent nations. They have several reasons to do so: 1. Learn more about the Mongol empire … Biggest Empires in History: At its peak, one nation controlled 23% of world’s population Here’s a look at 10 of the biggest empires in human history according to a list compiled by worldatlas.com. the sharp population drop off may coincide with some pivotal moments in christian history, but as we all know, correlation does not imply causation. The Abbasid Caliphate was among the four major caliphates established after Prophet Muhammad's death. With a population of 293 million and an area of 8.6 million square miles, it was one of the largest states to ever exist in modern history. An empire can feature nations or territories that are far from the empire itself or contiguous territories. The vast empire extended from the steppes of Central Asia covering all the way to central Europe and as far as to the Sea of Japan. Some of the territories are not inhabited and are used only for military and scientific personnel, and the others are independent but rely on the UK for defense and foreign relations. To the westwards, it stretched as far as Arabian Peninsula and the Levant. Umayyad. We use cookies on this website. Originating in modern-day Iran, the empire was first established by Cyrus the Great and included parts of Central Asia, the Mediterranean, North Africa, and even … During the caliphates greatest extent in 700 CE, it covered an area of about 5,800,000 square miles and swayed over 29% of the population in the world equivalent to 62 million people. Existence of each empire calculated from when the culture/ethnicity of power took control until that same power lost control of its empire. There are also suburban train systems in many cities such Tenochtitlan, Chichen Iza, and Cacaxtla. At the start of the war Britain had the largest empire of any European nation and ruled over a total of 56 colonies spread across much of the world. How to set or break a Guinness World Records title. Presently, Britain retains sovereignty of more than 14 territories outside of British Isle, and they have been renamed the British Overseas. Qing. Measurement details. At its greatest extent, the Mongol Empire covered around 9.3 million square miles and contained around 100 million people, about 1/4 of the global population at the time. Along with the British and the Mongol Empire, the Russian Empire was one of the biggest empires in world history and held the third largest population after China’s Qing Dynasty and the British Empire at the time. It was the largest empire in history, for over a century and considered as the global power. Also known as … The empire covered an area of 12,750,000 square miles the Mongol Empire is the second largest in human history. At its peak, it encompassed an area that stretched from Southeast Asia to Eastern Europe. WHAT MAKES A GUINNESS WORLD RECORDS TITLE? The caliphate's legacy was marked by mass conversions into Islam, the use of Arabic as the administrative language and the construction of popular buildings. 1. If there is one man who could be said to have more blood on his hands than anyone else in history, it is Genghis Khan. Founded by Genghis Kahn and expanded by his grandson Kublai Kahn, this empire crossed the entirety of Asia. I made a list where I presented a short history of the top 15 largest empires by land area at their greatest extent. The Persian united all tribes and kingdoms of Central Asia under one banner and expanded westwards and southwards. All these territories had a combined population of 62 million people (which was 29% of the world’s population) and covered an area of 4.29 million square miles. The population eventually peaked in 1938, on the eve of World War II, by which time the British Empire accounted for an incredible 531 million people, making it the largest empire in history by population. The British government has indicated willingness to assist any of the overseas territories willing to pursue independence. As over 87% of the population in the Empire lives in cities, it is the most urbanized country in the world in proportion to its total population. As a result, the Persian Empire, which dominated most of the Middle East, ruled over a greater percentage of the world’s population than any other empire in history… By 1920, 35.5 million square kilometers area was under the … It was forged in 1717 AD; in 1866 the extension of the Russian Empire … The Mongol Empire was history's largest contiguous land empire, reigning throughout the 13th and 14th centuries. Mongol Empire, 1206-1368, 9.27 million square miles . It was able to lead the colonial era in the 16th century. In 1913, 412 million people lived under the control of the British Empire, 23 percent of the world's population at that time. By 1913, the British Empire held sway over 412 million people, 23% of the world population at the time, and by 1920, it covered 35,500,000 km2 (13,700,000 sq mi), 24% of the Earth’s total land area. The Mongol Empire controlled the largest percentage of human population in the world at its’ height. The Achaemenid Empire, or the Persian Empire, was the largest empire in history at the time, and lay across three continents – Asia, Africa, and Europe. By 1913, the British Empire was ruling over 412 million people, 23% of world population. It is one of the largest and longest empires of human history. Which empire had the largest population? Quiz by gundam743 ... Population and Year Empire Area of Origin; 44.0% (49.4 of 112.4 million in 480 BC) At the outbreak of World War I in 1914, the population of the British Empire had stood at 88 million. (elsewhere his stats date to 3000 B.C.) The French colonial empire encouraged the spread of the Catholic Religion, the French language, and civilization.