Nigeria was granted full independence in October 1960, as a federation of three regions (northern, western, and eastern) under a constitution that provided for a parliamentary form of government. History of Nigerian Independence Day. In the history of Nigeria’s struggle for independence, Chief Anthony Enahoro was the first Nigerian to move the notion for Nigeria’s Independence in 1953. The History Of Nigerian Independence. In the first republic, the last Governor-General of Nigeria, Dr. Nnamdi Azikiwe became the first President of independent Nigeria, with Sir. Nigeria is a large, densely populated West African country on the Gulf of Guinea. The first independent government was formed by a coalition of northern and eastern political parties, with Nnamdi Azikiwe as the president and Abubakar Tafawa Balewa as prime minister. Finally, the agitated freedom was bagged from the British rule. Full independence follows rapidly, in October 1960. The capital is Abuja. Few people imagined that in the next fifteen years there would be political chaos succeeded by military coup d’état and a thirty-month long civil war. INTRODUCTION By the time Nigeria gained its independence, it was entering a period of rapid social and economic change, and many people were quite optimistic about its future. Independence. History of Nigeria - Independence. The military in Nigeria have played a major role in the country's history since independence. But no… 3 Oct 2010. 1959 – The new Nigerian currency was introduced. Nigerian Independence Nigeria was granted full independence in October 1960 under a constitution that provided for a parliamentary government and a substantial measure of self-government for the country's three regions. Its last period of military rule ended in 1999 following the sudden … Every year, the day October 1 st is always significant to every Nigerian as that is the day she gained her independence since 1960. Its neighbours are Benin, Niger, Chad and Cameroon. The day is made a public holiday to every worker, as a means to honor the day properly. Nigeria as a continent in Africa, of course, has quite a history behind it. There is a high plateau of extinct volcanoes in the centre of the country and a mountainous area along its border with Cameroon. Independence day: Becoming Nigerian. As Nigeria celebrates her 60 th Independence today, Daily Times Nigeria takes you down memory lane to the first speech made by Sir Abubakar Tafawa Balewa at the time Nigeria gained Independence from the British Colony.. READ ALSO: Nigeria@60: President Buhari addresses the nation (Full Speech) The speech was delivered by the first Prime Minister of Nigeria at … When Nigeria was made a republic in 1963, Azikiwe was made its president. European influence in modern-day Nigeria began when in the 16th century when the first explorers from Spain and Portugal began trading with locals, leading to the development of ports, such as Lagos. Just like in other protectorates the people of Nigeria were tired of British rule and began to seek ways of gaining independence. 15 Pre-Independence Facts in Nigerian History You Should Know. Read more. Various juntas have seized control of the country and ruled it through most of its history. The Federation of Nigeria was granted full independence on the 1st October 1960 under a constitution that provided for a parliamentary government and a substantial measure of self-government for the country's three regions. Tafawa Balewa serving as the first and only Prime Minister of the country.. Pre-colonial history of Nigeria Different tribes and … Post Independence History of Nigeria Nigeria was granted full independence in October 1960, as a federation of three regions (northern, western, and eastern) under a constitution that provided for a parliamentary form of government. Nigeria gained independence from the United Kingdom on 1 October 1960. This article compiles the brief history of transition of power between the military junta and Civilian government since independence. Nigeria Independence Day 2018: The importance of 1 October in the West African nation’s history. 1960 - Independence, ... 2015 March - Muhammadu Buhari wins the presidential election, becoming the first opposition candidate to do so in Nigeria's history. In this article, we will describe a brief history of Nigeria before independence, and we assure you, it''s interesting! Archeological research demonstrates that individuals were at that point living in south-western Nigeria, particularly Iwo-Eleru in display day Ondo State from as right on time as 11000 BC, and maybe prior at Ugwuelle-Uturu, Okigwe in show day Imo State. In 1901, Nigeria was made a British protectorate and was colonized until 1960, when the country gained independence. To learn and explore the leaders of Nigeria since that time of independence, read on below. But not much know exactly what was the beginning of the formation of Nigeria as a nation and the events that preceded its independence. Nigerian Independence day history in brief Just as many other countries of the African continent, Nigeria experienced many years of colonial regime of European countries. The government of the first Republic did not last as it came to a halt via several coup attempts with … A former British colony, Nigeria became independent on September 30, 1960 and a Republic on October 1, 1963. After the independence from the British Colonial masters in the year 1960, Nigeria started off in what could be ascribed as regional leadership with a governor-general being the overseer. His heroic activities made him to be regarded as the “Father Of Nigeria”. The tensions between the country's communities now become Nigeria's own concern. Back To Homepage. Nigeria is the most populous country in Africa, with around one in every five Africans being Nigerian. Nigeria, country located on the western coast of Africa. The Decolonization and Independence of Nigeria A few years after the Second World War nations in Africa began to agitate for their independence from colonial powers. The Da of Nigeria’s independence will mean nothing without acknowledging Nigeria’s history. The first few years of Nigeria's independence saw great turmoil and conflict between the Nigerian regions. Country twice freed from authoritarian control to become vibrant democracy Pre-colonial history of Nigeria When independence was gained in 1960, tribalism was a dominant force and ethnic divisions widespread. History of Nigeria Before Independence: This article brings to details certain facts you should know as an individual about pre-independence Nigerian history.Histories and events shape a nation shape the future of such a nation and make it a great one. An independence movement gained Nigeria’s independence on October 1, 1960; Nigeria became an independent country taking over the control of territories, politics and that of military. Nigeria’s coast is low-lying with lagoons and sandy beaches. In this article, we will describe a brief history of Nigeria before independence, and we assure you, it''s interesting! And an Executive Council, made up entirely of Nigerians, was led by a Prime Minister, Alhaji Sir Abubakar Tafawa Balewa. Chief Anthony Enahoro was born in July 22 1923. History of Government in Nigeria. Post Independence History of Nigeria. It's a very special and important event in the history of Nigeria as it marks the marks the independence from their former colonial master. 1 October 1960. In this write-up, you will have the opportunity to learn about what actually transpired in Nigeria during the colonial days; that is, those days before Nigeria became an independent country. October 1, 1961 – Southern Cameroon ceases to be a part of Nigeria and became a part of Cameroun, following the UN-organised plebiscite of February 11, 1961. Independence and secession: 1960-1970: Regional hostilities are a feature of independent Nigeria from the … But not much know exactly what was the beginning of the formation of Nigeria as a nation and the events that preceded its independence. Key facts Prime Minister Abubakar Tafawa Balewa (1960-1963) The history of settlers living in Nigeria can be traced to 1100 BC. Nigeria has only been an independent country since 1960, and immediately thereafter, from 1960 until 1963, the British Queen (Elizabeth II) was still considered the head of state for the country. By approximately 2500 to 2000 years ago, iron-working cultures, … In 1963, Nigeria became a republic but fell under military rule in 1966 as a result of a coup d'état. Although Nigeria was the creation of European ambitions and rivalries, its peoples had their cherished history of freedom and independence before the arrival of the British. The country was once a colony of Great Britain until it became an independent and… October 1, 1963 – Nigeria became a republic. Hundreds of languages are spoken in the country, including Yoruba, Igbo, Fula, Hausa, Edo, Ibibio, Tiv, and English. From 1959 to 1960, Jaja Wachuku was the First black Speaker of the Nigerian Parliament - also called the House of Representatives. This newly created country contained a multiplicity of diverse ethnic groups which had evolved complex systems of government. The Nigerian Independence Day is celebrated every year on October 1st. Nigeria has a diverse geography, with climates ranging from arid to humid equatorial. Nigeria is a country with rich history and culture. Due to the specific features of the African technical and cultural development, most tribes could not oppose Europeans with their guns, war ships and other weapons. Brief History of Nigeria From 1960 Till Date pdf. In this article, we will describe a brief history of Nigeria before independence, and we assure you, it''s interesting! Governmental and Political History of Nigeria The First Republic. Nigeria is a country with rich history and culture. Hezekiah Oladipo Davies Nigeria gained independence from the United Kingdom. A Brief description on the History of Federal Republic of Nigeria: Pre-Independence: Although the areas of savanna and coastal forest which make up contemporary Nigeria have been inhabited for thousands of years, archeology and linguistics give us only fragmentary glimpses into most of that history. October 1, 1960 – Nigeria gained independence from Britain. We are going to focus specially on those days between 1900 and 1960. In 1967, the Republic of Biafra was formed and this led to the three-year Nigerian Civil War. Under the constitution, each of the three regions retained a substantial measure of self-government. But not much know exactly what was the beginning of the formation of Nigeria as a nation and the events that preceded its independence. NIGERIA INDEPENDENCE: HISTORY, BIOGRAPHIES OF HEAD OF STATES AND PRESIDENTS AND EVERYTHING YOU NEED TO KNOW. It is the first time in Nigeria’s history the opposition has defeated an incumbent president at the ballot box. Nigeria is a country with rich history and culture.